機能May play a role in intercellular signaling and in connecting cells with the extracellular matrix. May take part in the regulation of cell motility, growth and differentiation. Binds hyaluronic acid.
組織特異性Cerebral white matter and plasma. Isoform V0 and isoform V1 are expressed in normal brain, gliomas, medulloblastomas, schwannomas, neurofibromas, and meningiomas. Isoform V2 is restricted to normal brain and gliomas. Isoform V3 is found in all these tissues except medulloblastomas.
関連疾患Defects in VCAN are the cause of Wagner syndrome type 1 (WGN1) [MIM:143200]. WGN is a dominantly inherited vitreoretinopathy characterized by an optically empty vitreous cavity with fibrillary condensations and a preretinal avascular membrane. Other optical features include progressive chorioretinal atrophy, perivascular sheating, subcapsular cataract and myopia. Systemic manifestations are absent in WGN.
配列類似性Belongs to the aggrecan/versican proteoglycan family. Contains 1 C-type lectin domain. Contains 2 EGF-like domains. Contains 1 Ig-like V-type (immunoglobulin-like) domain. Contains 2 Link domains. Contains 1 Sushi (CCP/SCR) domain.
発生段階Disappears after the cartilage development.
翻訳後修飾Phosphorylation sites are present in the extracelllular medium.
細胞内局在Secreted > extracellular space > extracellular matrix.