The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
Use at an assay dependent dilution. Fix with acetone.
Use at an assay dependent dilution.
Streptococcus pneumoniae are Gram positive diplococci , alpha hemolytic aerotolerant anaerobes. S. pneumoniae is a significant human pathogen, being recognized as a major cause of pneumonia in the late 19th century, and is currently the subject of many humoral immunity studies.
S. pneumoniae is a transient member of the normal flora, colonizing the nasopharynx of 40% of healthy adults and children with no adverse effects. There are more than 90 serotypes: serotypes 6, 14, 18, 19, and 23 are the most prevalent accounting for 60-80% of infections depending on the area of the world. Pneumococcal infection accounts for more deaths than any other vaccine preventable bacterial disease.
S. pneumoniae can express several different virulence factors which contribute to some of the clinical manifestations seen during infection.
Hoffmann J et al. Viral and bacterial co-infection in severe pneumonia triggers innate immune responses and specifically enhances IP-10: a translational study. Sci Rep6:38532 (2016).
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Campuzano S et al. Disposable amperometric magnetoimmunosensors for the specific detection of Streptococcus pneumoniae. Biosens Bioelectron26:1225-30 (2010).
Read more (PubMed: 20615685) »