Anti-RNA polymerase II CTD repeat YSPTSPS (phospho S5) 抗体 (ab52208)

製品の概要

  • 製品名Anti-RNA polymerase II CTD repeat YSPTSPS (phospho S5) antibody
    RNA polymerase II CTD repeat YSPTSPS 一次抗体 製品一覧
  • 製品の詳細
    Rabbit polyclonal to RNA polymerase II CTD repeat YSPTSPS (phospho S5)
  • 特異性ab52208 detects endogenous levels of RNA polymerase II only when phosphorylated at serine 1619.
  • アプリケーション適用あり: WB, ICC/IF, ELISA, IHC-Pmore details
  • 種交差性
    交差種: Human
    交差が予測される動物種: Mouse, Rat
  • 免疫原

    Synthetic peptide corresponding to Human RNA polymerase II CTD repeat YSPTSPS (phospho S1619). Immunogen is in the range of aa 1585-1634.
    Sequence:

    YSPTSpPS


    Database link: P24928

  • ポジティブ・コントロール
    • Human breast carcinoma tissue; extracts from COS7 cells.

製品の特性

関連製品

アプリケーション

Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab52208 in the following tested applications.

The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.

アプリケーション Abreviews 特記事項
WB 1/500 - 1/1000. Detects a band of approximately 217 kDa (predicted molecular weight: 217 kDa).
ICC/IF Use a concentration of 1 µg/ml.
ELISA 1/10000.
IHC-P Use at an assay dependent concentration.

ターゲット情報

  • 機能DNA-dependent RNA polymerase catalyzes the transcription of DNA into RNA using the four ribonucleoside triphosphates as substrates. Largest and catalytic component of RNA polymerase II which synthesizes mRNA precursors and many functional non-coding RNAs. Forms the polymerase active center together with the second largest subunit. Pol II is the central component of the basal RNA polymerase II transcription machinery. It is composed of mobile elements that move relative to each other. RPB1 is part of the core element with the central large cleft, the clamp element that moves to open and close the cleft and the jaws that are thought to grab the incoming DNA template. At the start of transcription, a single-stranded DNA template strand of the promoter is positioned within the central active site cleft of Pol II. A bridging helix emanates from RPB1 and crosses the cleft near the catalytic site and is thought to promote translocation of Pol II by acting as a ratchet that moves the RNA-DNA hybrid through the active site by switching from straight to bent conformations at each step of nucleotide addition. During transcription elongation, Pol II moves on the template as the transcript elongates. Elongation is influenced by the phosphorylation status of the C-terminal domain (CTD) of Pol II largest subunit (RPB1), which serves as a platform for assembly of factors that regulate transcription initiation, elongation, termination and mRNA processing. Acts as an RNA-dependent RNA polymerase when associated with small delta antigen of Hepatitis delta virus, acting both as a replicate and transcriptase for the viral RNA circular genome.
  • 配列類似性Belongs to the RNA polymerase beta' chain family.
  • ドメインThe C-terminal domain (CTD) serves as a platform for assembly of factors that regulate transcription initiation, elongation, termination and mRNA processing.
  • 翻訳後修飾The tandem heptapeptide repeats in the C-terminal domain (CTD) can be highly phosphorylated. The phosphorylation activates Pol II. Phosphorylation occurs mainly at residues 'Ser-2' and 'Ser-5' of the heptapeptide repeat and is mediated, at least, by CDK7 and CDK9. CDK7 phosphorylation of POLR2A associated with DNA promotes transcription initiation by triggering dissociation from DNA. Phosphorylation also takes place at 'Ser-7' of the heptapeptide repeat, which is required for efficient transcription of snRNA genes and processing of the transcripts. The phosphorylation state is believed to result from the balanced action of site-specific CTD kinases and phosphatases, and a 'CTD code' that specifies the position of Pol II within the transcription cycle has been proposed. Dephosphorylated by the protein phosphatase CTDSP1.
    Among tandem heptapeptide repeats of the C-terminal domain (CTD) some do not match the Y-S-P-T-S-P-S consensus, the seventh serine residue 'Ser-7' being replaced by a lysine. 'Lys-7' in these non-consensus heptapeptide repeats can be alternatively acetylated, methylated and dimethylated. EP300 is one of the enzyme able to acetylate 'Lys-7'. Acetylation at 'Lys-7' of non-consensus heptapeptide repeats is associated with 'Ser-2' phosphorylation and active transcription. It may regulate initiation or early elongation steps of transcription specially for inducible genes.
    Methylated at Arg-1810 prior to transcription initiation when the CTD is hypophosphorylated, phosphorylation at Ser-1805 and Ser-1808 preventing this methylation. Symmetrically or asymmetrically dimethylated at Arg-1810 by PRMT5 and CARM1 respectively. Symmetric or asymmetric dimethylation modulates interactions with CTD-binding proteins like SMN1/SMN2 and TDRD3. SMN1/SMN2 interacts preferentially with the symmetrically dimethylated form while TDRD3 interacts with the asymmetric form. Through the recruitment of SMN1/SMN2, symmetric dimethylation is required for resolving RNA-DNA hybrids created by RNA polymerase II, that form R-loop in transcription terminal regions, an important step in proper transcription termination. CTD dimethylation may also facilitate the expression of select RNAs. Among tandem heptapeptide repeats of the C-terminal domain (CTD) some do not match the Y-S-P-T-S-P-S consensus, the seventh serine residue 'Ser-7' being replaced by a lysine. 'Lys-7' in these non-consensus heptapeptide repeats can be alternatively acetylated, methylated and dimethylated. Methylation occurs in the earliest transcription stages and precedes or is concomitant to 'Ser-5' and 'Ser-7' phosphorylation.
    Ubiquitinated by WWP2 leading to proteasomal degradation (By similarity). Following UV treatment, the elongating form of RNA polymerase II (RNA pol IIo) is ubiquitinated UV damage sites without leading to degradation: ubiquitination is facilitated by KIAA1530/UVSSA and promotes RNA pol IIo backtracking to allow access to the nucleotide excision repair machinery.
  • 細胞内局在Nucleus.
  • Information by UniProt
  • 参照データベース
  • 別名
    • DNA directed RNA polymerase II A antibody
    • DNA-directed RNA polymerase II largest subunit RNA polymerase II 220 kd subunit antibody
    • DNA-directed RNA polymerase II subunit A antibody
    • DNA-directed RNA polymerase II subunit RPB1 antibody
    • DNA-directed RNA polymerase III largest subunit antibody
    • hRPB220 antibody
    • hsRPB1 antibody
    • POLR2 antibody
    • Polr2a antibody
    • POLRA antibody
    • Polymerase (RNA) II (DNA directed) polypeptide A 220kDa antibody
    • Polymerase (RNA) II (DNA directed) polypeptide A antibody
    • RNA polymerase II subunit B1 antibody
    • RNA-directed RNA polymerase II subunit RPB1 antibody
    • RPB1 antibody
    • RPB1_HUMAN antibody
    • RPBh1 antibody
    • RpIILS antibody
    • RPO2 antibody
    • RPOL2 antibody
    see all

Anti-RNA polymerase II CTD repeat YSPTSPS (phospho S5) antibody 画像

  • This image shows human breast carcinoma tissue stained with ab52208 at a dilution of 1/50 - 1/100. Right hand image: tissue treated with immunising peptide; left hand image: untreated.
  • All lanes : Anti-RNA polymerase II CTD repeat YSPTSPS (phospho S5) antibody (ab52208) at 1/500 dilution

    Lane 1 : Extracts from COS7 cells treated with EGF (200ng/ml, 30min) with no immunising peptide
    Lane 2 : Extracts from COS7 cells treated with EGF (200ng/ml, 30min) with immunising peptide


    Predicted band size : 217 kDa
    Observed band size : 217 kDa
  • ICC/IF image of ab52208 stained HeLa cells. The cells were 4% PFA fixed (10 min) and then incubated in 1%BSA / 10% normal goat serum / 0.3M glycine in 0.1% PBS-Tween for 1h to permeabilise the cells and block non-specific protein-protein interactions. The cells were then incubated with the antibody (ab52208, 1µg/ml) overnight at +4°C. The secondary antibody (green) was Alexa Fluor® 488 goat anti-rabbit IgG (H+L) used at a 1/1000 dilution for 1h. Alexa Fluor® 594 WGA was used to label plasma membranes (red) at a 1/200 dilution for 1h. DAPI was used to stain the cell nuclei (blue) at a concentration of 1.43µM.

Anti-RNA polymerase II CTD repeat YSPTSPS (phospho S5) antibody (ab52208) 使用論文

ab52208 has not yet been referenced specifically in any publications.

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