機能Plays an indispensable role in the organization of KRT8/KRT18 filaments. Acts as an endogenous molecular chaperone for neuronal proteins including huntingtin. Suppresses aggregation and toxicity of polyglutamine-containing, aggregation-prone proteins. Isoform B but not isoform A inhibits huntingtin aggregation. Has a stimulatory effect on the ATPase activity of HSP70 in a dose-dependent and time-dependent manner and hence acts as a co-chaperone of HSP70. Also reduces cellular toxicity and caspase-3 activity.
組織特異性Widely expressed. Highest levels in testis and brain, and lower levels in heart, spleen, intestine, ovary, placenta, lung, kidney, pancreas, thymus, prostate, skeletal muscle, liver and leukocytes. In testis, expressed in germ cells in the earlier stages of differentiation pathway as well as in spermatids. In brain, expressed at a higher level in hippocampus and thalamus and a lower level in amygdala, substantia nigra, corpus callosum and caudate nucleus.
関連疾患Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy 1E
配列類似性Contains 1 J domain.
ドメインThe antiaggregation activity of isoform B resides in the serine-rich region and the C-terminus.
細胞内局在Cytoplasm, perinuclear region. Nucleus. Cytoplasm, myofibril, sarcomere, Z line.