The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
Use a concentration of 5 µg/ml. For 2 hours.
Use a concentration of 1 µg/ml. ab170190-Mouse monoclonal IgG1, is suitable for use as an isotype control with this antibody.
Use at an assay dependent concentration.
Use a concentration of 5 µg/ml.
Pyruvate carboxylase catalyzes a 2-step reaction, involving the ATP-dependent carboxylation of the covalently attached biotin in the first step and the transfer of the carboxyl group to pyruvate in the second. Catalyzes in a tissue specific manner, the initial reactions of glucose (liver, kidney) and lipid (adipose tissue, liver, brain) synthesis from pyruvate.
Carbohydrate biosynthesis; gluconeogenesis.
Defects in PC are the cause of pyruvate carboxylase deficiency (PC deficiency) [MIM:266150]. PC deficiency leads to lactic acidosis, mental retardation and death. It occurs in three forms: mild or type A, severe neonatal or type B, and a very mild lacticacidemia.
Upper image shows: Immunocytochemistry analysis using ab110314 at 5µg/ml staining PCB in Human fibroblast cells (4% paraformaldehyde fixed and 0.1% Triton X-100 permeabilized) followed by Alexa Fluor® 594 goat anti-mouse IgG (H+L) used at a 1/1000 dilution for 1 hour (red).
Note: The target protein locates to the mitochondrial matrix.
Lower image shows cells co-stained with an antibody against PDH (green), an enzyme also located in the mitochondrial matrix. The composite image shows an identical mitochondrial pattern for both antibodies indicated by merged orange color.