Expression levels of the target protein vary between different tissue/cell lines and in some cases induction may be required before a signal is observed. This antibody is not recommended for use in WB with tissue samples. We recommended ab109520 and ab188224 for use in IHC.
A trial size is available to purchase for this antibody.
Our RabMAb® technology is a patented hybridoma-based technology for making rabbit monoclonal antibodies. For details on our patents, please refer to RabMab® patents
We are constantly working hard to ensure we provide our customers with best in class antibodies. As a result of this work we are pleased to now offer this antibody in purified format. We are in the process of updating our datasheets. The purified format is designated 'PUR' on our product labels. If you have any questions regarding this update, please contact our Scientific Support team.
This product is a recombinant rabbit monoclonal antibody.
Shipped at 4°C. Store at +4°C short term (1-2 weeks). Upon delivery aliquot. Store at -20°C. Stable for 12 months at -20°C.
The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
1/1000. Detects a band of approximately 21 kDa (predicted molecular weight: 18 kDa).
For unpurified use at 1/1000 - 1/10000. Not recommended for use with tissue samples.
Use at an assay dependent concentration.
May be the important intermediate by which p53/TP53 mediates its role as an inhibitor of cellular proliferation in response to DNA damage. Binds to and inhibits cyclin-dependent kinase activity, preventing phosphorylation of critical cyclin-dependent kinase substrates and blocking cell cycle progression. Functions in the nuclear localization and assembly of cyclin D-CDK4 complex and promotes its kinase activity towards RB1. At higher stoichiometric ratios, inhibits the kinase activity of the cyclin D-CDK4 complex.
Expressed in all adult human tissues, with 5-fold lower levels observed in the brain.
Belongs to the CDI family.
The PIP-box K+4 motif mediates both the interaction with PCNA and the recuitment of the DCX(DTL) complex: while the PIP-box interacts with PCNA, the presence of the K+4 submotif, recruits the DCX(DTL) complex, leading to its ubiquitination. The C-terminal is required for nuclear localization of the cyclin D-CDK4 complex.
Phosphorylation of Thr-145 by Akt or of Ser-146 by PKC impairs binding to PCNA. Phosphorylation at Ser-114 by GSK3-beta enhances ubiquitination by the DCX(DTL) complex. Ubiquitinated by MKRN1; leading to polyubiquitination and 26S proteasome-dependent degradation. Ubiquitinated by the DCX(DTL) complex, also named CRL4(CDT2) complex, leading to its degradation during S phase or following UV irradiation. Ubiquitination by the DCX(DTL) complex is essential to control replication licensing and is PCNA-dependent: interacts with PCNA via its PIP-box, while the presence of the containing the 'K+4' motif in the PIP box, recruit the DCX(DTL) complex, leading to its degradation.
Lane 2: Wild-type DLD-1 20 μM 2,3-DCPE for 16hrs treated cell lysate (20 µg)
Lane 3: p21 knockout DLD-1 cell lysate (20 µg)
Lane 4: p21 knockout 20 μM 2,3-DCPE for 16hrs DLD-1 cell lysate (20 µg)
Lane 5: HT1080 cell lysate (20 μg)
Lanes 1 - 5: Merged signal (red and green). Green - ab109199 observed at 20 kDa. Red - loading control, ab8245, observed at 37 kDa.
ab109199 was shown to recognize p21 in WT DLD-1 cells with 2,3-DCPE treatment along with additional cross-reactive bands. When p21 knockout DLD-1 cells +/- 2,3-DCPE treatment were used, no band was observed. Wild-type and p21 knockout samples were subjected to SDS-PAGE. ab109199 and ab8245 (loading control to GAPDH) were diluted 1/1000 and 1/10 000 respectively and incubated overnight at 4°C. Blots were developed with Goat anti-Rabbit IgG H&L (IRDye® 800CW) preadsorbed (ab216773) and Goat anti-Mouse IgG H&L (IRDye® 680RD) preadsorbed (ab216776) secondary antibodies at 1/10 000 dilution for 1 h at room temperature before imaging.
Immunocytochemistry/ Immunofluorescence - Anti-p21 antibody [EPR3993] (ab109199)This image is courtesy of an Abreview submitted by Dr Kirk McManus, Univ. of Manitoba/Cancer Care MICB.
Immunocytochemistry/ Immunofluorescence analysis of HeLa cells labeling p21 with ab109199 at 1/400 dilution. Cells were fixed in paraformaldehyde and permeabilized with 0.5% Triton X-100 in PBS. Staining with ab109199 at 1/400 was carried out for 1 hour at 22°C in PBS buffer. ab150081, a Goat Anti-Rabbit IgG H&L (Alexa Fluor® 488) preadsorbed secondary antibody was used at 1/200 dilution. DAPI was used to counterstain.
Song X et al. Autophagy deficient keratinocytes display increased DNA damage, senescence and aberrant lipid composition after oxidative stress in vitro and in vivo. Redox Biol11:219-230 (2017).
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Cheng XY et al. AMP-activated protein kinase reduces inflammatory responses and cellular senescence in pulmonary emphysema. Oncotarget8:22513-22523 (2017).
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