Histone demethylase that specifically demethylates 'Lys-4' of histone H3, thereby playing a central role in histone code. Does not demethylate histone H3 'Lys-9', H3 'Lys-27', H3 'Lys-36', H3 'Lys-79' or H4 'Lys-20'. Demethylates trimethylated and dimethylated but not monomethylated H3 'Lys-4'. Participates in transcriptional repression of neuronal genes by recruiting histone deacetylases and REST at neuron-restrictive silencer elements.
Expressed in all tissues examined. Highest levels found in brain and skeletal muscle.
Defects in KDM5C are the cause of mental retardation syndromic X-linked JARID1C-related (MRXSJ) [MIM:300534]. MRXSJ is characterized by significantly sub-average general intellectual functioning associated with impairments in adaptative behavior and manifested during the developmental period. MRXSJ patients manifest mental retardation associated with variable features such as slowly progressive spastic paraplegia, seizures, facial dysmorphism.