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Although JC-1 is widely used in many labs, its poor water solubility causes great inconvenience. Even at 1 µM concentration, JC-1 tends to precipitate in aqueous buffer. JC-10 is developed to be a superior alternative to JC-1 when high dye concentration is desired. Compared to JC-1, JC-10 has much better water solubility. JC-10 is capable of selectively entering into mitochondria, and reversibly changes its color from green to orange as membrane potentials increase. This property is due to the reversible formation of JC-10 aggregates upon membrane polarization that causes shifts in emitted light from 520 nm (i.e., emission of JC-10 monomeric form) to 570 nm (i.e., emission of J-aggregate form). When excited at 490 nm, the color of JC-10 changes reversibly from green to greenish orange as the mitochondrial membrane becomes more polarized. Both colors can be detected using the filters commonly mounted in all flow cytometers. The green emission can be analyzed in fluorescence channel 1 (FL1) and greenish orange emission in channel 2 (FL2). Besides its use in flow cytometry, it can also be used in fluorescence imaging and fluorescence microplate platform.
ab112133 is based on the detection of the mitochondrial membrane potential changes in cells by the cationic, lipophilic JC-10 dye. In normal cells, JC-10 concentrates in the mitochondrial matrix where it forms red fluorescent aggregates. However, in apoptotic and necrotic cells, JC-10 exists in monomeric form and stains cells green.
ab112133 is optimized to screen both apoptosis activators and inhibitors using flow cytometry while ab112134 is offered for microplate-based high throughput screening applications.
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|200X JC-10 in DMSO||1 x 250µl|
|Assay Buffer A||1 x 50ml|
Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab112133 in the following tested applications.
The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
|Flow Cyt||Use at an assay dependent concentration.|
Please note: All products are "FOR RESEARCH USE ONLY AND ARE NOT INTENDED FOR DIAGNOSTIC OR THERAPEUTIC USE"