Is a highly and a specific antagonist of the IL-1 receptor-related protein 2-mediated response to interleukin 1 family member 9 (IL1F9). Could constitute part of an independent signaling system analogous to interleukin-1 alpha (IL-1A), beta (IL-1B) receptor agonist and interleukin-1 receptor type I (IL-1R1), that is present in epithelial barriers and takes part in local inflammatory response.
Predominantly expressed in keratinocytes but not in fibroblasts, endothelial cells or melanocytes. Detected also in the spleen, brain leukocyte and macrophage cell types. Increased in lesional psoriasis skin.
Defects in IL36RN are the cause of psoriasis generalized pustular (PSORP) [MIM:614204]. PSORP is a life-threatening disease defined by repeated flares of sudden onset consisting of diffuse erythematous skin eruption characterized by rapid coverage with pustules, high-grade fever, asthenia, marked leukocytosis, and elevated serum levels of C-reactive protein.