Human RNA polymerase II CTD repeat YSPTSPS peptide (ab17564)

製品の概要

製品の詳細

  • 由来Synthetic
  • アミノ酸配列
    • アクセッション番号P24928
    • 生物種Human

特性

Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab17564 in the following tested applications.

The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.

  • アプリケーション

    Blocking - Blocking peptide for Anti-RNA polymerase II CTD repeat YSPTSPS antibody - ChIP Grade (ab26721)

  • 製品の状態Liquid
  • 備考

    - First try to dissolve a small amount of peptide in either water or buffer. The more charged residues on a peptide, the more soluble it is in aqueous solutions.
    - If the peptide doesn’t dissolve try an organic solvent e.g. DMSO, then dilute using water or buffer.
    - Consider that any solvent used must be compatible with your assay. If a peptide does not dissolve and you need to recover it, lyophilise to remove the solvent.
    - Gentle warming and sonication can effectively aid peptide solubilisation. If the solution is cloudy or has gelled the peptide may be in suspension rather than solubilised.
    - Peptides containing cysteine are easily oxidised, so should be prepared in solution just prior to use.

  • Concentration information loading...

前処理および保存

  • 保存方法および安定性

    Shipped at 4°C. Upon delivery aliquot and store at -20°C or -80°C. Avoid repeated freeze / thaw cycles.

    Information available upon request.

関連情報

  • 別名
    • DNA directed RNA polymerase II A
    • DNA-directed RNA polymerase II largest subunit RNA polymerase II 220 kd subunit
    • DNA-directed RNA polymerase II subunit A
    • DNA-directed RNA polymerase II subunit RPB1
    • DNA-directed RNA polymerase III largest subunit
    • hRPB220
    • hsRPB1
    • POLR2
    • Polr2a
    • POLRA
    • Polymerase (RNA) II (DNA directed) polypeptide A
    • Polymerase (RNA) II (DNA directed) polypeptide A 220kDa
    • RNA polymerase II subunit B1
    • RNA-directed RNA polymerase II subunit RPB1
    • RPB1
    • RPB1_HUMAN
    • RPBh1
    • RpIILS
    • RPO2
    • RPOL2
    see all
  • 機能DNA-dependent RNA polymerase catalyzes the transcription of DNA into RNA using the four ribonucleoside triphosphates as substrates. Largest and catalytic component of RNA polymerase II which synthesizes mRNA precursors and many functional non-coding RNAs. Forms the polymerase active center together with the second largest subunit. Pol II is the central component of the basal RNA polymerase II transcription machinery. It is composed of mobile elements that move relative to each other. RPB1 is part of the core element with the central large cleft, the clamp element that moves to open and close the cleft and the jaws that are thought to grab the incoming DNA template. At the start of transcription, a single-stranded DNA template strand of the promoter is positioned within the central active site cleft of Pol II. A bridging helix emanates from RPB1 and crosses the cleft near the catalytic site and is thought to promote translocation of Pol II by acting as a ratchet that moves the RNA-DNA hybrid through the active site by switching from straight to bent conformations at each step of nucleotide addition. During transcription elongation, Pol II moves on the template as the transcript elongates. Elongation is influenced by the phosphorylation status of the C-terminal domain (CTD) of Pol II largest subunit (RPB1), which serves as a platform for assembly of factors that regulate transcription initiation, elongation, termination and mRNA processing. Acts as an RNA-dependent RNA polymerase when associated with small delta antigen of Hepatitis delta virus, acting both as a replicate and transcriptase for the viral RNA circular genome.
  • 配列類似性Belongs to the RNA polymerase beta' chain family.
  • ドメインThe C-terminal domain (CTD) serves as a platform for assembly of factors that regulate transcription initiation, elongation, termination and mRNA processing.
  • 翻訳後修飾The tandem heptapeptide repeats in the C-terminal domain (CTD) can be highly phosphorylated. The phosphorylation activates Pol II. Phosphorylation occurs mainly at residues 'Ser-2' and 'Ser-5' of the heptapeptide repeat and is mediated, at least, by CDK7 and CDK9. CDK7 phosphorylation of POLR2A associated with DNA promotes transcription initiation by triggering dissociation from DNA. Phosphorylation also takes place at 'Ser-7' of the heptapeptide repeat, which is required for efficient transcription of snRNA genes and processing of the transcripts. The phosphorylation state is believed to result from the balanced action of site-specific CTD kinases and phosphatases, and a 'CTD code' that specifies the position of Pol II within the transcription cycle has been proposed. Dephosphorylated by the protein phosphatase CTDSP1.
    Among tandem heptapeptide repeats of the C-terminal domain (CTD) some do not match the Y-S-P-T-S-P-S consensus, the seventh serine residue 'Ser-7' being replaced by a lysine. 'Lys-7' in these non-consensus heptapeptide repeats can be alternatively acetylated, methylated and dimethylated. EP300 is one of the enzyme able to acetylate 'Lys-7'. Acetylation at 'Lys-7' of non-consensus heptapeptide repeats is associated with 'Ser-2' phosphorylation and active transcription. It may regulate initiation or early elongation steps of transcription specially for inducible genes.
    Methylated at Arg-1810 prior to transcription initiation when the CTD is hypophosphorylated, phosphorylation at Ser-1805 and Ser-1808 preventing this methylation. Symmetrically or asymmetrically dimethylated at Arg-1810 by PRMT5 and CARM1 respectively. Symmetric or asymmetric dimethylation modulates interactions with CTD-binding proteins like SMN1/SMN2 and TDRD3. SMN1/SMN2 interacts preferentially with the symmetrically dimethylated form while TDRD3 interacts with the asymmetric form. Through the recruitment of SMN1/SMN2, symmetric dimethylation is required for resolving RNA-DNA hybrids created by RNA polymerase II, that form R-loop in transcription terminal regions, an important step in proper transcription termination. CTD dimethylation may also facilitate the expression of select RNAs. Among tandem heptapeptide repeats of the C-terminal domain (CTD) some do not match the Y-S-P-T-S-P-S consensus, the seventh serine residue 'Ser-7' being replaced by a lysine. 'Lys-7' in these non-consensus heptapeptide repeats can be alternatively acetylated, methylated and dimethylated. Methylation occurs in the earliest transcription stages and precedes or is concomitant to 'Ser-5' and 'Ser-7' phosphorylation.
    Ubiquitinated by WWP2 leading to proteasomal degradation (By similarity). Following UV treatment, the elongating form of RNA polymerase II (RNA pol IIo) is ubiquitinated UV damage sites without leading to degradation: ubiquitination is facilitated by KIAA1530/UVSSA and promotes RNA pol IIo backtracking to allow access to the nucleotide excision repair machinery.
  • 細胞内局在Nucleus.
  • Information by UniProt

Human RNA polymerase II CTD repeat YSPTSPS peptide (ab17564) 使用論文

ab17564 has not yet been referenced specifically in any publications.

Product Wall

Ab26721 is indeed specific to non-phosphorylated RNA Pol II. It's immunogen is proprietary but I can share this information with you to help you with your research as long as you do not publish it. Ab26721 immuogen is a synthetic peptide of Human RNA p...

Read More

Thank you for your reply and I apologize for the confusion.


The buffer composition is as follows:


30mM HEPES
150mM NaCl
2mM EDTA
0.001% Tween 20
pH 6.75


I hope this information is helpful. Pleas...

Read More

Thank you for contacting Abcam regarding ab12795 and ab17564.


Regarding the sotrage of these peptides:


ab12795 - aliquot and store at -20oC or -80oC


ab17564 -aliquot and store at -20oC or -80oC


Read More

Thank you for your enquiry. I can confirm that ab17564 RNA polymerase II CTD repeat YSPTSPS peptide has three repeats, so it is provided as follows: (C)YSPTSPSYSPTSPSYSPTSPS I hope this will be helpful to you. Should you have any further ques...

Read More

Please note: All products are "FOR RESEARCH USE ONLY AND ARE NOT INTENDED FOR DIAGNOSTIC OR THERAPEUTIC USE"