機能Catalyzes the oxidative decarboxylation of glutaryl-CoA to crotonyl-CoA and CO(2) in the degradative pathway of L-lysine, L-hydroxylysine, and L-tryptophan metabolism. It uses electron transfer flavoprotein as its electron acceptor. Isoform Short is inactive.
組織特異性Isoform 1 and isoform 2 are expressed in fibroblasts and liver.
関連疾患Defects in GCDH are the cause of glutaric aciduria type 1 (GA1) [MIM:231670]. GA1 is an autosomal recessive metabolic disorder characterized by progressive dystonia and athetosis due to gliosis and neuronal loss in the basal ganglia.
配列類似性Belongs to the acyl-CoA dehydrogenase family.