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Our Abpromise guarantee covers the use of ab5821 in the following tested applications.
The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
|IHC - Wholemount||Use at an assay dependent concentration. PubMed: 22291607|
|ICC/IF||Use at an assay dependent concentration.|
|IP||Use at an assay dependent concentration. PubMed: 19430468|
|WB||Use a concentration of 1 µg/ml. Detects a band of approximately 39 kDa (predicted molecular weight: 34 kDa).|
ICC/IF image of ab5821 stained human HeLa cells. The cells were methanol fixed (5 min) and incubated with the antibody (ab5821, 1µg/ml) for 1h at room temperature. The secondary antibody (green) was Alexa Fluor® 488 goat anti-rabbit IgG (H+L) used at a 1/1000 dilution for 1h. Image-iTTM FX Signal Enhancer was used as the primary blocking agent, 5% BSA (in TBS-T) was used for all other blocking steps. DAPI was used to stain the cell nuclei (blue). Alexa Fluor® 594 WGA was used to label plasma membranes (red).
The cells were 100% methanol fixed (5 min) and then
incubated in 1%BSA / 10% normal goat serum / 0.3M glycine in 0.1% PBS-Tween for 1h to permeabilise the cells and block non-specific protein-protein interactions. The cells were then incubated with the antibody (ab37266, 1µg/ml, red) and (ab5821, 1µg/ml, blue) overnight at +4°C. The secondary antibodies were ab150115 Alexa Fluor® 647 goat anti-mouse IgG (H+L) used at 2µg/ml for 1h and ab175652 Alexa Fluor® 405 goat anti-rabbit IgG (H+L) used at 2µg/ml for 1h.
Immunofluorescent imaging of human cells (U2OS) with ab5821 reveals highly specific localisation to the dense fibrillar component (DFC) of the nucleolus associated with the initial ribosomal RNA (rRNA) precursor. The nucleolar protein fibrillarin is located primarily in the DFC. Blue is hoechst staining of the nucleus, green is ab5821 used at 1/100, merge image demonstrates exclusively nuclear localisation.
IF was performed with a standard paraformaldehyde technique (fixed in PBS buffered PFH 4% for 5 minutes, permeabilised with 0.5% triton-PBS for 5 minutes, blocked with 5% milk / 0.2% tween for one hour. Primary antibody used at 1/100 in 5% milk / 0.2% TWEEN for one hour, secondary antibody Alexa 488 for 30 minutes. All blocking and incubation steps carried out at 37 degrees C.
ab5821 staining human liver tissue sections by IHC-P. Sections were formaldehyde fixed, permeabilized in Triton-X and subjected to heat mediated antigen retrieval prior to blocking with 6% BSA for 2 hours at 23°C. The primary antibody was diluted 1/100 and incubated with the sample for 16 hours at 5°C. ab6717 was used as the secondary antibody.