ab94309 is a 293T cell transfected lysate in which Human Exonuclease 1 has been transiently over-expressed using a pCMV-Exonuclease 1 plasmid. The lysate is provided in 1X Sample Buffer. Note: For more detailed how the transfected lysate was prepared view preparation notes
Developmental stage: Highly expressed in fetal liver and at lower levels in fetal brain, heart, kidney, spleen and thymus.
Function: 5'->3' double-stranded DNA exonuclease which may also possess a cryptic 3'->5' double-stranded DNA exonuclease activity. Functions in DNA mismatch repair (MMR) to excise mismatch-containing DNA tracts directed by strand breaks located either 5' or 3' to the mismatch. Also exhibits endonuclease activity against 5'-overhanging flap structures similar to those generated by displacement synthesis when DNA polymerase encounters the 5'-end of a downstream Okazaki fragment. Required for somatic hypermutation (SHM) and class switch recombination (CSR) of immunoglobulin genes. Essential for male and female meiosis.
PTM: Phosphorylated upon DNA damage and in response to agents stalling DNA replication, probably by ATM or ATR. Phosphorylation at Ser-454, Thr-621 and Ser-714 is induced upon DNA-damage caused by treatment with hydroxyurea (HU) but not upon IR treatment. The HU-induced EXO1 triple phosphorylation facilitates destabilisation/degradation of the protein.
Similarity: Belongs to the XPG/RAD2 endonuclease family. EXO1 subfamily.
Tissue specificity: Highly expressed in bone marrow, testis and thymus. Expressed at lower levels in colon, lymph nodes, ovary, placenta, prostate, small intestine, spleen and stomach.