Voltage-gated chloride channel. Chloride channels have several functions including the regulation of cell volume; membrane potential stabilization, signal transduction and transepithelial transport. May be important in urinary concentrating mechanisms.
Expressed predominantly in the kidney.
Defects in CLCNKB are the cause of Bartter syndrome type 3 (BS3) [MIM:607364]; also known as classic Bartter syndrome. It is an autosomal recessive form of often severe intravascular volume depletion due to renal salt-wasting associated with low blood pressure, hypokalemic alkalosis, hypercalciuria, and normal serum magnesium levels. Defects in CLCNKB are a cause of Bartter syndrome type 4B (BS4B) [MIM:613090]. A digenic, recessive disorder characterized by impaired salt reabsorption in the thick ascending loop of Henle with pronounced salt wasting, hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis, and varying degrees of hypercalciuria. Bartter syndrome type 4B is associated with sensorineural deafness.
Belongs to the chloride channel (TC 2.A.49) family. CLCNKB subfamily. Contains 2 CBS domains.