The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
Use 10µl for 106 cells.
Protein tyrosine-protein phosphatase required for T-cell activation through the antigen receptor. Acts as a positive regulator of T-cell coactivation upon binding to DPP4. The first PTPase domain has enzymatic activity, while the second one seems to affect the substrate specificity of the first one. Upon T-cell activation, recruits and dephosphorylates SKAP1 and FYN.
Defects in PTPRC are a cause of severe combined immunodeficiency autosomal recessive T-cell-negative/B-cell-positive/NK-cell-positive (T(-)B(+)NK(+) SCID) [MIM:608971]. A form of severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID), a genetically and clinically heterogeneous group of rare congenital disorders characterized by impairment of both humoral and cell-mediated immunity, leukopenia, and low or absent antibody levels. Patients present in infancy recurrent, persistent infections by opportunistic organisms. The common characteristic of all types of SCID is absence of T-cell-mediated cellular immunity due to a defect in T-cell development. Genetic variations in PTPRC are involved in multiple sclerosis susceptibility (MS) [MIM:126200]. MS is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by the gradual accumulation of focal plaques of demyelination particularly in the periventricular areas of the brain. Peripheral nerves are not affected. Onset usually in third or fourth decade with intermittent progression over an extended period. The cause is still uncertain.
Belongs to the protein-tyrosine phosphatase family. Receptor class 1/6 subfamily. Contains 2 fibronectin type-III domains. Contains 2 tyrosine-protein phosphatase domains.
The first PTPase domain interacts with SKAP1.
Heavily N- and O-glycosylated.
Membrane. Membrane raft. Colocalized with DPP4 in membrane rafts.
Overlay histogram showing peripheral blood lymphocytes stained with ab1175 (red line). The cells incubated in 1x PBS / 10% normal goat serum / 0.3M glycine to block non-specific protein-protein interactions. The cells were then incubated with the antibody (ab1175, 0.35 µg/1x106 cells) for 30 min at 22°C. Isotype control antibody (black line) was mouse IgG2a FITC (2 µg/1x106 cells ) for 30 min at 22°C. Acquisition of >5,000 events was performed.