Plays a role in weight homeostasis. Plays a role in the central control of feeding. Reduces food intake. Inhibits cAMP production mediated by stimulation of melanocortin receptors within the hypothalamus and adrenal gland. Acts primarily on MC3R and MC4R. Has very low activity with MC5R.
Expressed primarily in the adrenal gland, subthalamic nucleus, and hypothalamus, with a lower level of expression occurring in testis, lung, and kidney.
Genetic variations in AGRP may be a cause of obesity (OBESITY) [MIM:601665]. It is a condition characterized by an increase of body weight beyond the limitation of skeletal and physical requirements, as the result of excessive accumulation of body fat.
Contains 1 agouti domain.
The presence of a 'disulfide through disulfide knot' structurally defines this protein as a knottin.